IS and al-Qaeda differences, at least at leadership level, tend to revolve more around tactics and strategy than goals. Both disavow local regimes as un-Islamic and want to expel the West and Russia from Muslim lands and destroy Israel. For both, the aspiration remains a caliphate that upends the international order. Their paths and timeline for getting there, however, diverge sharply, reflecting the contrasting experiences of their leaders and the contexts in which they emerged.
. . . Kovno. To our surprise it was not easy at first to set in motion an extensive pogrom against Jews. Klimatis, the leader of the partisan unit, mentioned above, who was used for this purpose primarily, succeeded in starting a pogrom on the basis of advice given to him by a small advanced detachment acting in Kovno, and in such a way that no German order or German instigation was noticed from the outside. During the first pogrom in the night from 25 to 26 June the Lithuanian partisans did away with more than 1,500 Jews, set fire to several synagogues or destroyed them by other means and burned down a Jewish dwelling district consisting of about 60 houses. During the following nights about 2,300 Jews were made harmless in a similar way. In other parts of Lithuania similar actions followed the example of Kovno, though smaller and extending to the Communists vow had been left behind.
The protests would lead to an uprising and civil war, as part of the wider Arab Spring, which had already resulted in the ousting of long-term presidents of adjacent Tunisia and Egypt. Social media played a central role in organizing the opposition. A social media website declared an alternative government, one that would be an interim national council, was the first to compete with Muammar Gaddafi's political authority. Gaddafi's senior advisor attempted to reject the idea by tweeting his resignation.
Gaddafi's administration repeatedly asserted that the rebels included al-Qaeda fighters. Rebels denied this. NATO's Supreme Allied Commander James G. Stavridis stated that intelligence reports suggested there were "flickers" of al-Qaeda activity among rebels, but that there was insufficient information to confirm a significant presence of terrorist groups. Gaddafi's claims are supported by a 2008 secret cable from the US embassy in Tripoli to the US State Department, and an analysis by the Combating Terrorism Center at the US Military Academy at West Point of a set of documents called the Sinjar Records, purporting to show a statistical study of the al-Qaeda personnel records. The West Point analysis of these documents concluded that Libya provided "far more" foreign fighters in per capita terms than any other country. A disclosed file from 2005 on WikiLeaks found that rebel leader Abu Sufian Ibrahim Ahmed Hamuda Bin Qumu was a former Guantanamo Bay detainee alleged to be a member of the Libyan Islamic Fighting Group, to have joined the Taliban in 1998, and that he was a "probable member of Al Qaida and a member of the African Extremist Network".
A rival claimant to the throne, Idris bin Abdullah al-Senussi, announced in an interview with Adnkronos that he was ready to return to Libya and "assume leadership" once change had been initiated. On 21 February, he made an appearance on Piers Morgan Tonight to discuss the uprising. In March, it was reported Idris bin Abdullah had held meetings at the State Department and Congress in Washington with US government officials. It was also reported attempts at contact had been initiated by French and Saudi officials. On 3 March, it was reported that another member of the family, Prince Zouber al-Senussi, had fled Libya with his family and was seeking asylum in Totebo, Sweden.
Contentious key issues, such as the role of the monarchy andmilitary in Thai politics and society, a dysfunctional and corrupt politicalsystem, the failure to hold powerful individuals across the political spectrumaccountable for human rights abuses, high-level corruption, widespread economicdisparities, and a deep rural-urban divide were key catalysts for the protests.These have yet to be addressed in any meaningful way. Moreover, while severalprotest leaders and many UDD rank-and-file have been charged with seriouscriminal offenses and are awaiting prosecution, government forces implicated inabuses continue to enjoy impunity, sending Thais the message that the scales ofjustice are imbalanced, if not entirely broken. It is critical for thegovernment to ensure impartial and transparent government investigations thatlead to criminal prosecutions against those on all sides responsible for abuses,including those who ordered the unlawful use of force or incited violence.
While the UDD leadership has sought to portray the arsonattacks as the spontaneous reaction of protesters to the dispersal of the RedShirt protests, many leading UDD leaders had publicly called for such attacksmonths earlier in the event of a government crackdown.
UDD protesters in many provinces blocked road and traintraffic to stop soldiers and police from sending reinforcements to Bangkok. OnApril 25, over 300 UDD protesters in Ubon Ratchathani stormed the compound ofRatchathani Asoke, a Buddhist center connected to PAD leader Chamlong Srimuang.Police who arrived at the center took no action to prevent the protesters fromdestroying the center and detaining seven members of Ratchathani Asoke forseveral hours.
Six protesters received gunshot wounds in a series ofclashes with security units at Ubon Ratchathani provincial hall that day. Afterdestroying the provincial hall, the protesters retreated and regrouped at thestation of FM 91. The next day, more than 200 soldiers and police went to thestation to arrest local UDD leader Pichet and shut down his radio station.
Megatron sent out Devastator to capture any Autobot the colossus could find. Devastator returned with Sunstreaker and locked him up in a cell within Decepticon headquarters. Megatron then approached the captive Autobot, and informed him that he would be used as a hostage to force the Autobots into surrendering. As Megatron walked away, Sunstreaker took a potshot at his back, enraging the Decepticon leader. Megatron and two Constructicons returned fire with cruel ferocity. With Sunstreaker left cowering in the corner of his cell, Megatron called to Soundwave to open communications with Autobot headquarters. He had his communications officer inform the Autobots of the situation, and demanded their surrender by the next morning. If they did not accept his terms, Megatron threatened to destroy Sunstreaker and rebuild him as a Decepticon!
As Decepticon leader, Megatron was part of the forces that attacked the Autobot Ark while it was trying to eliminate asteroids that threated to smash Cybertron to pieces. The Ark crashed on Earth, and four million years later, the Decepticons were first to be woken by the ship's computer. Leaving the ship, they attempted to destroy it, but their energy levels were too low, and Megatron announced they'd have to find new sources of energy. After raiding the nuclear plant at nearby Kimball, they returned to the Ark, only to find it empty. He ordered his men to split up and go in two different directions, and hence they were able to outflank the Autobots. The battle was short-lived, as the Autobots proved too much for them, and the Decepticons retreated. Battle for Cybertron
Soundwave passed on news of Doctor Heath Blaisedale's solar reactor. Megatron immediately made plans to use the device to drain the Sun's energy, despite Starscream's assertion that doing so would result in doom for Earth. He was furious when Starscream led an impromptu attack on the Autobots at the solar plant and ordered the three jets to retreat before they damaged the reactor. He had Ravage kidnap Blaisedale in an attempt to draw the Autobots away from the plant, before leading an attack himself. Unfortunately his particle cannon was destroyed by Cliffjumper and the Dinobots turned up as well, resulting in the destruction of the solar reactor. Megatron retreated empty-handed. Sun Raid (Listen 'n Fun)
Megatron discovered Madame Cee, a human tinkerer on Carob Island with estensive knowledge of mechanics. With her (involuntary) help, and a rare mineral present on the island, he began building duplicate Autobots, starting with Sideswipe. Megatron also built a megamaze around his underground base on the island to deter intruders. Megatron first sent out the duplicate Sideswipe to destroy the Nova Suspension Bridge in order to frame the Autobots, then proceeded to build more clones, including a duplicate Prowl. He had nearly finished building a duplicate Optimus Prime when a group of Autobots found their way into his base. They were easily captured, but Megatron could not help but stroke his own ego, and showed Prowl, leader of the squad, the full extent of his plan. Prowl managed to overpower his escorts on his way back to his cage, and tricked Megatron into destroying the duplicate Prowl instead of the real one. Megatron was then hit by some of Prowl's acid pellets, forcing him to retreat through a secret passage, though not before taunting Prowl once more, claiming that the Autobots would never escape his megamaze. The Autobots managed it and escaped the island. Deadly Paradise
Megatron was leading a party of Decepticons on a raid to steal energy sources from the humans when Starscream learned of a new device that would solve all of the Decepticons' energy problems, the Sun-Pak.In a possible outcome of a the events that would follow, Megatron was contacted some time later by the human Buster, who explained that he wanted to offer a trade to the Decepticon leader. Megatron was offered an audio file containing conclusive proof that Starscream planned to overthrow him, in exchange for the safe release of Sparkplug, who Starscream had in his possession. Megatron could only humour the human germ to a certain degree, and said that he would only agree to such a trade if Buster were to fulfill his end of the bargain first. 2b1af7f3a8